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Intellectual Property Rights and Their Legal Basis

Intellectual property is born and grows from human intellectual abilities. Works born from human intellectual abilities are in the form of works in the fields of technology, science, art and literature.

Intellectual property rights (IPR) are legal rights related to the invention and creativity of a person or a group. This relates to the protection of reputational issues in the commercial field as well as acts of service in the commercial field.

Intellectual property is born and grows from human intellectual abilities. Works born from human intellectual abilities are in the form of works in the fields of technology, science, art and literature.

Intellectual property gets legal protection for property known as Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). In the law passed by the DPR on March 21, 1997, legally intellectual property rights are rights related to problems resulting from the invention and creativity of a person or several people related to the protection of reputation issues in the commercial field and actions or services in the commercial field.

The legal basis for intellectual property rights is contained in various laws and Presidential Decrees, including:

– Law No. 7 of 1994 concerning Ratification  of the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization

– Law No.10 of 1995 concerning Customs

– Law No. 12 of 1997 concerning Copyright

– Law No.14 of 1997 concerning Marks

– Law No. 13 of 1997 concerning Patents

– Decree of the President of the Republic of Indonesia No.15 of 1997 concerning Ratification of  the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property  and  the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization

– Decree of the President of the Republic of Indonesia No.17 of 1997 concerning Ratification of  the Trademark Law Treaty

– Decree of the President of the Republic of Indonesia No.18 of 1997 concerning Ratification of  the Berne Convention for The Protection of Literary and Artistic Works

With the existence of regulations that form the legal basis for intellectual property rights, then any person or group or entity that has the right to an innovative thought on an invention or product can be obtained by registering it with the Directorate General of Intellectual Property Rights, legal and statutory units. -invitation of the Republic of Indonesia.

Intellectual property rights are a way to protect intellectual property by using legal instruments, including copyrights, patents, trademarks and geographical indications, trade secrets, industrial designs, layout designs of integrated circuits, and protection of plant varieties.

Protection of intellectual property rights aims to provide law regarding the relationship between property, creators, designers, owners, intermediaries who use it, the benefits received from the utilization of IPR within a certain period of time.

As an important part of awarding a work of science, art or literature, each individual or group needs to understand intellectual property rights in order to raise awareness of the importance of intellectual creativity and innovation as abilities that need to be achieved by every human being.

Indonesia